References for Illustrations Used on Title Pages– Humanities 1023

1.x Benin, Edo people, Plaque, 1500-1600s, brass, Cleveland Museum of Art 1

1.x Yoruba, The Ife Head, 14th-15th century, copper alloy, British Museum, 18”.2

1.xx Augusta Savage, Realization, 19383

2.xx Jacques-Louis David, The Death of Marat, 1793, oil on canvas, 65”x50”, Royal Museums of fine Arts of Belgium.4

2.xx Jean-August Houdon, George Washington, marble, bronze life-sized, Virginia State Capitol.5

2.xx Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, 1811-1838, Paris.6

3xx Ferdinand Georg Waldmuller, Ludwig van Beethoven 1823, oil on canvas, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.7

3.xx Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, oil on canvas, 1830, Louvre, Paris, 102”x10’.8

3.xx Casper David Friedrich, Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog, 1817, oil on canvas, 39×29”, Hamburg Art Museum, Germany.9

4.xx Mary Cassatt, Young Mother Sewing, oil on canvas, 1900, 39×26”, Art Institute of Chicago.10

4.xx Claude Monet, Water Lilies, 1906, oil on canvas, 35×37”, Art Institute of Chicago.11

4.xx Vincent van Gogh, Church at Auvers sur Oise, oil on canvas, 1876, 37×29”, Musée d’Orsay, Paris.12

5.xx Juan Gris, Portrait of Pablo Picasso, 1912, 67×30” oil on canvas, Art Institute of Chicago.13

5.xx Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, (reproduction), 1917/1964, glazed ceramic with black paint, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.14

5.xx Piet Mondrian, Tableau I, 1921, oil on canvas, Netherlands Institute for Art History.15

6.xx Arshile-Gorky, The Betrothal II, 1947, oil on canvas, 51×38, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.16

6.xx Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen, Dropped Cone, 393’, 2001 Neumarkt-Gallery, Cologne, Germany.17

6.xx Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty, 1970, Rozel Point, Great Salt Lake, Utah.18

7.xx Edvard Munch, 1906 Friedrich Nietzsche oil on canvas, Thiel Gallery Stockholm Sweden19

7.xx Above is a scene from eyeSpace (20’) one of three versions of the Eyespace dance.20

7.xx Frank Gehry, and Vlado Milunic. The Dancing House.Prague21

8.xx Xu Bing, Ghosts Pounding the Wall, 1990, Jinshanling, China.22

8.xx Maya Lin, Water Line, wire and computer graphics, 2006, Corcoran Gallery. 23

8.xx Images from the Van Gogh Experience, Denver, Colorado, 2022. 24

1 Photo by Wmpearl, CC0 1.0 Public domain,,_possibly_1500s-1600s,_brass,_Benin_Kingdom,_Cleveland_Museum_of_Art_II.JPG
2 Photo by Sailko, CC By SA 3.0,,_nigeria,_testa_da_ife,_12-15mo_secolo.JPG
3 Photo by Andrew Herman. WPA image, so it is in the public domain. ,
4 Photo by Ismoon, Public domain,
5 Photo by Ser Amantio di Nicolao, CC BY-SA 3.0,’s_Washington,_seen_from_the_front.jpg
6 Photo by Paris 16, CC BY-SA 2.0,,_Paris_11_October_2008.jpg
7 Photo by Meidosensei, Public domain,
8 Photo by Trzesaz, public domain,
9 Photo by Cybershot800i, public domain,
10 Photo by Google Arts & Culture, public domain,
11 Photo by Rickdotta, public domain,,_Ryerson.jpg
12 Photo by Google Cultural Institute, public domain,,_View_from_the_Chevet_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg
13 Photo by Google Cultural Institute, public domain,
14 Photo by Dr. Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.
15 Photo by Netherlands Institute for Art History, public domain,,_catalogue_raisonn%C3%A9.jpg
16 Photo by Villarreal9, public domain,
17 Photo by © Raimond Spekking /CC BY-SA 4.0,_K%C3%B6ln_mit_Skulptur_Dropped_Cone_-_Claes_Oldenburg_und_Coosje_van_Bruggen-8706.jpg
18 Photo by Netherzone, CC BY-SA 4.0, no changes made
19Munch, Edvard. Portrait of Freidrich Nietzsche.Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
20 Scene from eyeSpace. Daniel Arsham, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons.
21 Gehry, Frank and. Vlado Milunic.The Dancing House. CC BY-SA 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons.
22 Photo by Mechelle01, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0,
23 Photo by Chad.K., CC BY-SA 2.0,
24 Photos by Kristine Betts and Kevin Spotts, CC BY-SA 4.0.


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PPSC HUM 1023: Modern Civilizations by Kristine Betts and Kate Pagel is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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