7.6 Chapter Glossary


Chapter Glossary
Authority For Woolf, the claim by a State to have power over individuals.
Autonomy For Woolf, the absolute moral freedom of the autonomous individual.
Christian Anarchism A form of pacifist Christianity which claims Christians have no duty to obey the State if it commands them to act violently.
Coercion The practice of persuading someone to do something by using force or threats.
Difference Principle For Rawls, part of his second principle for a just society recognizing that different members of a society will carry differing skills and limitations.
Divine Right of Kings An ancient theory that God appoints monarchs and thus renders their actions unquestionable.
Justice The establishment of fairness in a society.
Law of Nature For Hobbes, a rational moral rule prohibiting self-destruction.
Legal Rights A society’s customs, laws, statutes, or actions by legislatures.
Liberty For Hobbes, the absence of external impediments, especially from governments.
Moral Luck For Sandel, the fact that random chance has benefitted some and harmed others without praise or blame owing to them.
Natural Rights Rights which are “natural” in the sense of “not artificial, not man-made”, as in rights deriving from human nature or from the edicts of a god.
Negative Rights A claim of an entitlement to not be interfered with by others.
Non-resistance For Tolstoy, the obligation of a Christian not to return evil for evil but to turn the other cheek.
Obligations The correlative of rights claims, that they imply others have certain duties vis a vis the claimant.
Original Position For Rawls, the hypothetical state of humanity prior to any government.
Positive Rights A claim of an entitlement to a specific service or treatment from others.
Principle of Equal Liberties For Rawls, the first principle we should seek to establish in a just society, giving equal freedoms to all.
Principle of Equal Opportunity For Rawls, part of his second principle for a just society granting all a chance to improve themselves.
Right of Nature For Hobbes, the right of human beings in a state of nature to preserve their own lives.
Rights Legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people according to some legal system, social convention, or ethical theory.
State of nature For Hobbes, the hypothetical state of humanity without any government.
Theoretical anarchism The position that a State has no moral legitimacy and that individuals have no moral duty to obey the State.
Veil of Ignorance For Rawls, our not knowing what our status will be when we leave the original position and enter society.


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PPSC PHI 1011: The Philosopher's Quest by Daniel G. Shaw, Ph.D. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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