For Further Exploration


Ancient Astronomy

Gingerich, O. “From Aristarchus to Copernicus.” Sky & Telescope (November 1983): 410.

Gingerich, O. “Islamic Astronomy.” Scientific American (April 1986): 74.

Astronomy and Astrology

Fraknoi, A. “Your Astrology Defense Kit.” Sky & Telescope (August 1989): 146.

Copernicus and Galileo

Gingerich, O. “Galileo and the Phases of Venus.” Sky & Telescope (December 1984): 520.

Gingerich, O. “How Galileo Changed the Rules of Science.” Sky & Telescope (March 1993): 32.

Maran, S., and Marschall, L. “The Moon, the Telescope, and the Birth of the Modern World.” Sky & Telescope (February 2009): 28.

Sobel, D. “The Heretic’s Daughter: A Startling Correspondence Reveals a New Portrait of Galileo.” The New Yorker (September 13, 1999): 52.


Ancient Astronomy

Aristarchos of Samos: By Dr. Alan Batten.

Claudius Ptolemy: An interesting biography.

Hipparchus of Rhodes: An interesting biography.

Astronomy and Astrology

Astrology and Science: The best site for a serious examination of the issues with astrology and the research on whether it works.

Real Romance in the Stars: 1995 newspaper commentary attacking astrology.

Copernicus and Galileo

Galileo Galilei: A good biography with additional links.

Galileo Project: Rice University’s repository of information on Galileo.

Nicolaus Copernicus: A biography including links to photos about his life.


Astronomy and Astrology

Astrology Debunked: A compilation of scientists and magicians commenting skeptically on astrology (9:09).

Copernicus and Galileo

Galileo: A brief biography (2:51).

Galileo’s Battle for the Heavens: A NOVA episode on PBS (1:48:55)

Nicolaus Copernicus: An overview of his life and work (2:41).

This book was adapted from the following: Fraknoi, A., Morrison, D., & Wolff, S. C. (2016). For Further Exploration. In Astronomy. OpenStax. under a Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0


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PPSC AST 1120: Stellar Astronomy by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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